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τάφρος , ,
A.ditch, trench, freq. in Il. (once in Od., 21.120); “τάφρον ὀρύξομενIl.7.341, cf. IG12.94.21,34, Th.2.78, al.; ἀμφὶ δὲ τάφρον ἤλασαν drew a trench, Il.7.449, cf. Hdt.4.3, Alcid.Od.5, etc.; τάφρων ὕπερ over the trenches, S.Aj.1279, cf. Aen.Tact.37.3, al., OGI90.24 (Rosetta, ii B.C.); irrigation-ditch, PHal.1.97, al., PSI6.597.5 (both iii B.C.): it is sts. found as masc. in codd., e.g. Ph.Bel. 99.43 (cod. V), D.S.22.10.5; but βαθύν is Ep. for βαθεῖαν in Call.Del. 37: Dor. τράφος Tab.Heracl.1.130, 2.51.
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