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τροπ-ή , , (τρέπω)
A.turn, turning:
a. ὅθι τροπαὶ ἠελίοιο apparently denotes a point on the horizon, prob. the West or place where the sum sets (so Eust.1787.20), Od.15.404.
b. each of two fixed points in the solar year, the solstices, first in Hes., “ἠελίοιο τροπῇςat the time of the (winter) solstice, Op. 479; μετὰ τροπὰς ἠελ. ib.564,663 (with Dor. acc. pl. in -α^ς)“; πεδὰ τὰς τροπάςAlcm.33.5:—later the two solstices were distinguished as τροπαὶ θεριναί and χειμεριναί, Hdt.2.19, Th.7.16, Pl.Lg.767c, Arist. HA542b4 sqq., Gal.6.405, etc. (rarely in sg., “τροπὴ θερινήArist.Mete. 364b2, Gem.1.13; τ. χειμερινή ib.15); “τροπαὶ νότιοιArist.HA542b11; τ. βόρειοι, νότιοι, Plu.2.601a:—when τροπαί is used alone, it mostly refers to the winter solstice, but the sense is always determined by the context, v. Hes. ll. cc.; περὶ ἡλίου τροπάς (sc. χειμερινάς) Th.8.39; “εὐθὺς ἐκ τροπῶνArist.HA542b20:—sts. also of other heavenly bodies, Pl.Ti.39d; “περὶ Πλειάδος δύσιν καὶ τροπάςArist.HA542b23, etc.; “ἄστρων ἐπιτολάς, δύσεις, τροπάςAlex.30.5; “τροπὰς τῶν ἐνδεδεμένων ἄστρωνArist.Cael.296b4; “τροπαὶ ἡλίου καὶ σελήνηςEpicur.Ep.2p.40U.:—sts. four in number (the two equinoxes and two solstices), S.E.M.5.11, Gal.17(1).22; so (on a sun-dial) “θερινὴ τ., ἰσημερινὴ τ., χειμερινὴ τ., Ἀρχ.Δελτ.12.236 (Samos).
2. turn, change, Arist.Pol.1316a17; “πλείους τραπόμενος τροπὰς τοῦ ΕὐρίπουAeschin. 3.90; τ. πρὸς τὸ βέλτιον turn for the better, Phld.Rh.2.25S.; “ὀξυτέρας τρεπόμενος τ. τοῦ χαμαιλέοντοςPlu.Alc.23; “αἱ τοῦ κόλακος ὥσπερ πολύποδος τ.Id.2.52f; “αἱ τῶ αἵματος τ. καὶ ἀλλοιώσιεςTi.Locr.102c; αἱ περὶ τὸν ἀέρα τ. changes in the air or weather, Plu.2.946f; of wine, a turning sour, ib.939f (cf. τροπίας); going bad, of food, “τ. καὶ διαφθορὰ τῶν παρακειμένωνGal.19.208; of phonetic change in language, A.D. Adv.210.4, Hdn.Gr.2.932.
3. τροπαὶ λέξεως a change of speech by figures or tropes (τρόποι), Luc.Dem.Enc.6, cf. Hermog.Inv.4.10, al.
4. αἱ τροπαί, = αἱ τροπαῖαι, alternating winds, Arist.Pr. 940b16, 21, Thphr.CP2.3.1, Vent.26.
II. the turning about of the enemy, putting to flight or routing him, τροπήν (or τροπάς τινος ποιεῖν or ποιεῖσθαι put one to flight, Hdt.1.30, Ar.Eq.246 (troch.), Th.2.19, 6.69, etc.; οἵαν ἂν τροπὴν Εὐρυσθέως θείμην θείην codd.) E.Heracl. 743; “τροπὴ γινομένηHdt.7.167, cf. Th.1.49,50, etc.: poet., “ἐν μάχης τροπῇA.Ag.1237; ἐν τροπῇ δορός in the rout caused by the spear, S.Aj.1275, E.Rh.82.
III. used by Democr. for θέσις, position, Arist.Metaph.985b17, 1042b14, cf. Plot.4.5.2, 4.5.6.
IV. a coin, Hsch.; cf. τροπαϊκόν.
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hide References (18 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (18):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 90
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1237
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 246
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 743
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.30
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.19
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.167
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.404
    • Plato, Laws, 767c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 39d
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1275
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.49
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.19
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.69
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.39
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 82
    • Plutarch, Alcibiades, 23
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