A.pestle, “ὕπερον δὲ τρίπηχυν” Hes. Op.423; “λεήναντες ὑπέροισι” Hdt.1.200; ὑπέρου μοι περιτροπὴ γενήσεται, prov. of never-ending and ineffectual labour, Pl.Com.1, cf. Pl.Tht.209e, Philem.30, Plu.2.1072b; so “εἰ ἐς ὅλμον ὕδωρ ἐκχέας ὑπέρῳ σιδηρῷ πτίττοι” Luc.Herm.79; “ὕπερα σιδηρᾶ” Poll.7.107, with which Bgk. compared . . έροις σιδηροῖς, the mutilated title of a successful comedy in IG14.1097.
II. anything shaped like a pestle,
2. lever for stretching dislocated joints, Hp.Fract.13, al.
III. like πηνίον, a pupa of a geometrid moth, Arist.HA551b6.—The form ὕπερον , τό, is found in Hesperia5.383 (Athens, v B. C., pl.), Hp.Art.5,78, Plb.1.22.7, PRyl.167.14 (pl., i A.D.), Luc.Philops.35, Poll.1.245, 7.107, 10.114, EM779.48; whereas none of the other passages in which the word occurs prove anything about the gender, except Hes. l.c.; whence it has been suggested that τρίπηχυ should be read there, and ὕπερον, τό, received as the only form.