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ὕπτι-ος , α, ον,
A.laid on one's back, freq. in Hom., esp. of one falling backwards, opp. “πρηνής, πολλοὶ δὲ πρηνεῖς τε καὶ ὕπτιοι ἔκπεσονIl.11.179; “ δ᾽ . ἐν κονίῃσι . . πέσε15.434, cf. 4.522, al., S.OT 811; “τὸν δ᾽ . ὦσ᾽ ἀπὸ δουρόςIl.16.863; ἄλλοτ᾽ ἐπὶ πλευρὰς κατακείμενος, ἄλλοτε δ᾽ αὖτε ., ἄλλοτε δὲ πρηνής, of Achilles in his grief, 24.11; . ἀποθανέειν to die lying on one's back, Hdt.4.190; “ῥέγκει . . .Ar.Eq.104; “ὕπτιον καθεύδειν οὐδενὶ βέλτιόν ἐστινDiocl. Fr.141; “κατεκλίνη .Pl.Phd.117e, cf. Sor.2.87, al., Gal.18(2).56, al.; “. ἀνατετραμμένοςPl.Euthd.278c; of a quadruped, ὀρθοῦ ἑστεῶτος . . καὶ ὑπτίου standing upright and lying on its back, Hdt.2.38, cf. AP5.202 (Asclep.).
II. . μέρη, in animals, the under parts, i.e. the belly, opp. τὰ πρανῆ (the upper parts, the back), Arist. PA658a16, al., cf. “πρανής11: hence Thphr.HP1.10.2, 3.14.2 uses ὕπτιος of the smoother upper surface of leaves, opp. πρανής of the rougher and under: γαστὴρ . the belly uppermost, E.Cyc.326; of the hand, ἐκτείνειν τὴν χεῖρ᾽ . to hold out the hand with the under side uppermost, to hold out the hollow of the hand, so as to receive something, Ar.Ec.782; “τὴν χεῖρα νῦν μὲν ., νῦν δὲ πρηνῆ προτείναςPlu.Tim.11; “τῆς χειρὸς . τὸ μέσονId.Crass.18; “. ταῖς χερσὶν ὑποδέχεσθαί τιPhilostr.Im.1.6; “ἐδέξαντο ὑπτίαις χερσὶ τὸν τῶν πολεμίων στρατόνProcop.Goth.3.16.19; “οὐλὴ καρπῷ δεξιῷ ὑπτίῳPLond. 2.259.81 (i A. D.); also . τὰς χεῖρας ἀνατείνειν lift the upturned hands in prayers, Plu.Comp.Phil.Flam.2, cf. Philostr.Im.2.1; “ταῖς χερσὶν ὑπτίαις διαλέγεσθαιD.Chr.33.52; ἐξ ὑπτίας νεῖν swim or float on one's back, Ar.Fr.665, Pl.R.529c.
III. generally, of anything turned downside up, πάλος ἐξ ὑπτίου 'πήδησεν . . κράνους from the upturned helmet, with the hollow uppermost, A.Th.459 (cf. Il.7.176); παράθες νυν . αὐτὴν ἐμοί (sc. τὴν ἀσπίδα) Ar.Ach.583, cf. Lys. 185, Th.7.82; ἁψῖδος ἥμισυ ὕπτιον a half-wheel with the concave side uppermost, Hdt.4.72; but κύλιξ . a cup with the bottom uppermost, Ar.Lys.195; ὑπτίοις σέλμασιν ναυτίλλεται he sails with the benches upside down, i.e. suffers shipwreck, S.Ant.716; “κεῖσθαι ὥσπερ γάμμα .X.Oec.19.9; “σχαλίδεςId.Cyn.6.7; περιφέρεια κοίλη καὶ ., opp. πρηνὴς καὶ κυρτή, Arist.Mete.350a11.
2. ἐξ ὑπτίας ἀνάπαλιν διανεῖν τὸν λόγον trace the argument backwards from the conclusion, Pl.Phdr.264a, cf. Herm. in Phdr.p.187A.; ἐξ ὑπτίας backwards, in reverse order,ἀπὸ τῶν ἐσχάτων ἐπὶ τὰ πρῶτα ἐπανιόντεςDam.Pr.81; “ἐξ ὑπτίας χωροῦντεςProcl.Hyp.7.57.
IV. of land, flat, horizontal, Hdt.2.7, Thphr.CP5.12.7, App.BC4.2, Mith.42, Ael.NA16.15, Plu. 2.193e, 530a; “ἐν ὑπτίῳ τοῦ ὄρουςPaus.8.13.1; . μᾶλλον ὄρθιος, of a flight of shallow steps, Luc.Hipp.5; of the sea, smooth, Philostr. Im.2.17, Lib.Descr.7.5.
V. metaph., supine, lazy, careless, Aristid. Or.31(11).5, Id.2.112J., Poll.1.158, etc.; ἔστω . . μὴ . τράχηλος his neck should not be relaxed, Zeno Stoic.1.58; “δεῖ αὐτῷ καὶ αὐχένος ὀρθοῦ καὶ βλέμματος οὐχ ὑπτίουLib.Or.64.103; “προσφέρομαι τῶν αὐστηρῶν τι . . ὅταν αἴσθωμαί ποθ᾽ . [τὸν στόμαχον] γεγονότα καὶ πλησίον ἥκοντα ναυτίαςGal.6.601, cf. 15.460; of language, flat, tedious, D.H.Isoc. 15, Din.8, Hermog.Stat.3, etc. Adv., ὑπτίως ἔχειν to be flat and dull, Ph.1.305; “. καὶ οὐ ποιητικῶς ᾖσενPhilostr.Her.2.19.
VI. passive, of Verbs, D.L.7.43,64; cf. ὀρθός v.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (37):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 459
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 782
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 104
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 195
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 326
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.38
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.7
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.190
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.72
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.863
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.522
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.176
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.179
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.434
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8.13.1
    • Plato, Republic, 529c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 117e
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 264a
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 278c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 716
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 811
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.82
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 6.7
    • Xenophon, Economics, 19.9
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.11
    • Appian, Civil Wars, 4.2
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 583
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 185
    • Plutarch, Comparison of Philopoemen and Titus, 2
    • Plutarch, Crassus, 18
    • Plutarch, Timoleon, 11
    • Lucian, Hippias, 5
    • Dio Chrysostom, Orationes, 33.52
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Isocrate, 15
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Dinarcho, 8
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 16.15
    • Philostratus the Lemnian (Philostratus Major), Imagines, 1.6
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