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χρίω , Ep. impf.
A.χρῖονOd.4.252, also “χρίεσκεA.R.4.871: fut. “χρίσωE.Med.789: aor. “ἔχρι_σαOd.10.364, etc., Ep. “χρῖσαIl.16.680, Od.4.49: pf. “κέχρι_καLXX 1 Ki.10.1, al.:—Med., fut. “χρίσομαιOd.6.220: aor. part. χρι_σάμενος ib.96, Hes.Op.523, etc.:—Pass., fut. “χρισθήσομαιLXXEx.30.32: aor. “ἐχρίσθηνA.Pr.675, Achae.10: pf. “κέχρι_μαιHdt.4.189,195, Magnes 3, etc., later “κέχρισμαιLXX 2 Ki. 5.17: plpf. ἐκέχριστο f. l. in X.Cyr.7.1.2; 3pl. “ἐκέχριντοCallix.2. [Even in pres. and impf. ι is long, Od.21.179 (ἐπι-χρι_οντες), Il.23.186, S.Tr.675, etc.; χρι^ει only in late Poets, as AP6.275 (Noss.): in fut. and all other tenses ι_ without exception, whence the proper accent. is χρῖσαι, κεχρῖσθαι, χρῖσμα, etc.:—touch the surface of a body slightly, esp. of the human body, graze, hence,
I. rub, anoint with scented unguents or oil, as was done after bathing, freq. in Hom., “λόεον καὶ χρῖον ἐλαίῳOd.4.252; “ἔχρισεν λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ3.466; “λοέσσαι τε χρῖσαί τε19.320; of a dead body, “χρῖεν ἐλαίῳIl.23.186; anoint a suppliant, Berl.Sitzb.1927.170 (Cyrene); πέπλον χ. rub or infect with poison, S.Tr.675, cf. 689,832 (lyr.): metaph., “ἱμέρῳ χρίσασ᾽ οἰστόνE.Med.634 (lyr.); “οὐ μέλανι, ἀλλὰ θανάτῳ χ. τὸν κάλαμονPlu.2.841e:—Med., anoint oneself, Od.6.96; “κάλλεϊ ἀμβροσίῳ οἵῳ . . Κυθέρεια χρίεται18.194, cf. Hes.Op.523; “ἐλαίῳGal.6.417; “ἐκ φαρμάκουLuc. Asin.13: c. acc. rei, ἰοὺς χρίεσθαι anoint (i. e. poison) one's arrows, Od.1.262:—Pass., “χρίεσθαι ὑπὸ τοῦ ἡλίουHdt.3.124; βακκάριδι κεχριμένος Magnes l. c.; “συκαμίνῳ τὰς γνάθους κεχριμέναιEub.98.3: metaph., “Σοφοκλέους τοῦ μέλιτι κεχριμένουAr.Fr.581.
2. in LXX, anoint in token of consecration,χ. τινὰ εἰς βασιλέα4 Ki.9.3; “εἰς ἄρχοντα1 Ki.10.1; “εἰς προφήτην3 Ki.19.16; also “χ. τινὰ τοῦ βασιλεύεινJd.9.15: c. dupl. acc., “χ. τινὰ ἔλαιονEp.Heb.1.9.
II. wash with colour, coat,αἰγέαι κεχριμέναι ἐρευθεδάνῳHdt.4.189; πίσσῃ ib.195, cf. Inscr.Délos442A188 (ii B. C.); “ἀσφάλτῳX.Cyr.7.5.22 (Pass.); “στοάνSupp.Epigr.4.268 (Panamara, ii A. D.):—Med., τὸ σῶμα μίλτῳ χρίονται smear their bodies, Hdt.4.191.
III. wound on the surface, puncture, prick, sting, of the gadfly in A.Pr.566,597, 880 (all lyr.):—Pass., ὀξυστόμῳ μύωπι χρισθεῖσ᾽ ib.675.
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hide References (34 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (34):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 566
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 597
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 880
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 675
    • Euripides, Medea, 789
    • Euripides, Medea, 634
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.124
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.189
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.191
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 523
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.49
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.364
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.194
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.320
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.179
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.466
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.252
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.96
    • Old Testament, 1 Kings, 19.16
    • Old Testament, 2 Samuel, 5.17
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 675
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 689
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 832
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.5.22
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.1.2
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.680
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.186
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.262
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.220
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4.871
    • Old Testament, 1 Samuel, 10.1
    • Old Testament, 2 Kings, 9.3
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 30.32
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