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μακρός (from ΜΑΚ, Root of μῆκος)

I.of Space, point of length, long, Hom., etc.; ἐπὶ τὰ μακρότερα towards the longer sides, i. e. lengthwise, Hdt. point of height, tall, Hom., e. g. μακρὸς Ὄλυμπος, μ. δένδρεα, τείχεα, etc.:—also reversely, like Lat. altus, deep, Il. point of distance, long, far, far distant, id=Il., Hdt.; τὰ μακρότατα the remotest parts, Hdt.:—often in neut. pl. as adv., μακρὰ βιβάς far-striding, Il.; also, μακρὸν ἀϋτεῖν, βοᾶν to shout so as to be heard afar, Hom.; so, μακρότερον σφενδονᾶν to sling to a greater distance, Xen.
4.generally, large in size or in degree, large, great, Aesch., Soph.
5.dat. μακρῷ is used to strengthen the comp. and Sup. by far, Lat. longe, μακρῷ πρῶτος, μ. μάλιστα Hdt.; ἀσθενεστέρα μ. Aesch., etc.
II.of Time, long, long-lasting, long, Od., Hdt., etc.; οὐ μακροῦ χρόνου for no long time, Soph.; τὸν μ. βίον Aesch.; μακρότερος μηνί by a month, Hdt.:—so, μακρὸν ἐέλδωρ a long-cherished wish, Od.
2.long, tedious, Pind., Soph.
III.neut. with Preps. in adverb. sense, διὰ μακροῦ (sc. χρόνου) after a long time, long delayed, Eur.; οὐ διὰ μακροῦ not long after, Thuc.:—but, διὰ μακρῶν at great length, Plat.: —οὐκ ἐς μακρόν for no long time, Pind.: —ἐπὶ μακρόν far, a long way, Xen.; ὅσον ἐπὶ μακρότατον or ὅσον μ. as far as possible, Hdt.; ἐπὶ μακρότερον yet more, Thuc.
IV.regul. comp. μακρότερος Od., Hdt., etc.; Sup. μακρότατος Il., etc.:—irreg. comp. μάσσων, Sup. μήκιστος, v. sub vocc.
V.adv. μακρῶς, at great length, slowly, Polyb.

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