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ῥίζα 1

I.a root, Od., attic: in pl. the roots, Hom.
2.metaph. the roots of the eye, Od.; the roots or foundations of the earth, Hes., Aesch., etc.
II.anything that grows like a root from one stem, whence Pindar calls Libya the τρίτη ῥίζα χθονός, considering the earth as divided into three continents.
III.metaph. the root or stock from which a family springs, Lat. stirps, Pind., Aesch., etc.; and so a race, family, Aesch., Eur., etc.

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