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1.Ω, ω, μέγα, twenty-fourth letter of the Gr. alphabet: —as a numeral ω41 = 800, but 'ω = 800, 000. The name of μέγα, great or long ο, was given at a later period to distinguish it from μικρόν little or short ο: but the form Ω was not adopted at Athens till the Archonship of Euclides (B. C. 403); v. sub E, H. Changes of ω, esp. in the dialects:
2.ionic also for αυ, as θῶμα τρῶμα for θαῦμα τραῦμα:—this is also doric, ὦλαξ for αὖλαξ.
3.aeolic and doric ω for ου, as ὠρανός Μῶσα κῶρος λιπῶσα for οὐρανός Μοῦσα κοῦρος λιποῦσα; so, ου and ους in gen. sg. and acc. pl. of 2nd decl. pass into ω and ως.
4.doric, ω becomes α_, as πρῶτος πρώτιστος θεωρός become πρᾶτος πράτιστος θεα_ρός; so gen. pl. of 1st dec. -ῶν becomes -ᾶν.
5.Aeol. sometimes also υ, as χελύνη for χελώνη.

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