I.a part of the year, a season;
in pl. the seasons
, etc.; περιτελλομέναις ὥραις Soph.
; τῆς ὥρας τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ Thuc.
:—at first three seasons were distinguished — spring
, ἔαρος ὥρη, ὥρη εἰαρινή Hom.
, θέρεος ὥρη Hes.
; ὥρα θερινή Xen.
, χείματος ὥρη Hes.
; ὥρῃ χειμερίῃ Od.
;—a fourth, ὀπώρα
, first in Alcman.
absol. the prime of the year, springtime
, ὅσα φύλλα γίγνεται ὥρῃ Hom.
:—in historians, the part of the year available for war, the summer-season
, or (as we say) the season
4.in pl. the quarters of the heavens, the summer being taken as south, winter as north, Hdt.
2.day and night were prob. first divided into twenty-four hours by Hipparchus (about 150 B. C.): but the division of the natural day (from sunrise to sunset) into twelve parts is mentioned by Hdt. (2. 109).
for a thing, ὅταν ὥ. ἥκῃ Xen.
in adverb. usages, τὴν ὥρην at the right time
; but, τὴν ὥ. at
:— ἐν ὥρῃ in due time, in good time
:—also, αἰεὶ ἐς ὥρας in
;— καθ᾽ ὥραν Theocr.
;— πρὸ τῆς ὥρας Xen.
= τὰ ὡραῖα
, the fruits of the year
in mythol. sense, αἱ Ὧραι
, the Hours
, keepers of heaven's gate, Il.
; and ministers of the gods, id=Il.
; three in number, daughters of Zeus and Themis, Hes.
; often therefore joined with the Χάριτες