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Hermes, the Lat. Mercurius, son of Maia and Zeus; messenger of the gods (διάκτορος); giver of good luck (ἐριούνιος, ἀκάκητα); god of all secret dealings, cunning, and stratagem (δόλιος); bearing a golden rod (χρυσόρραπις); conductor of defunct spirits (ψυχοπομπός, πομπαῖος); tutelary god of all arts, of traffic, markets, roads (ἀγοραῖος, ἐμπολαῖος, ὅδιος, ἐνόδιος), and of heralds. His bust, mounted on a four-cornered pillar, was used to mark boundaries. —Proverb., κοινὸς Ἑρμῆς shares in your luck! Theophr.: cf. ἕρμαιον.

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