Ἄρης short α in Hom., except in voc. Ἆρες: in Aesch. long or short.
I.Ares, called by the Latins Mars, son of Zeus and Hera, god of war and slaughter, also of strife and pestilence, Hom., Trag.
II.in Poets, as appellat., war, battle, discord, slaughter, ξυνάγωμεν Ἄρηα Il; Ἄρης ἐμφύλιος, Ἄ. τιθασός civil war, Aesch.
2.warlike spirit, Trag.The Root ΑΡ, appears also in ἀρετή, the first notion of goodness (virtus) being that of manhood, bravery in war.