previous next

δίκαιος adj1 adj2 δίκη Hom. and early writers,
I.of persons, observant of custom and social rule, well-ordered, civilised, Od.; so, δικαίη ζόη a regular way of living, Hdt.:—adv., δικαίως μνᾶσθαι to woo in due form, decently, Od.
2.observant of right, righteous, Hom., etc.:—so of actions, in accordance with right, righteous, id=Hom.
B.later usage:
I.of things, even, well-balanced, ἅρμα δίκαιον Xen.:— regular, exact, rigid, ὀργυιαὶ δίκαιαι Hdt.; τῷ δικαιοτάτῳ τῶν λόγων to speak quite exactly, id=Hdt.; πάντα δικαίως τετήρηται Dem.
2.right, lawful, just, τὸ δίκαιον right, opp. to τὸ ἄδικον, Hdt., etc.; also, a right, a lawful claim, Thuc., etc.:—adv. -ως, rightly, justly, Hdt., etc.
II.of persons, as well as things, like Lat. justus, meet, right, fitting, Aesch.; ἵππον δ. ποιεῖσθαί τινι to make a horse fit for another's use, Xen.
2.real, genuine, true, Dem., συγγραφεύς Luc.:—adv. -ως, really and truly, Soph.
3.fair, moderate, like μέτριος, Thuc.: —δικαίως with reason, Soph., Thuc. Prose, δίκαιός εἰμι with inf., δίκαιοί ἐστε ἰέναι you are bound to come, Hdt.; δ. εἰμι κολάζειν I have a right to punish, Ar.; δίκαιοί εἰσι ἀπιστότατοι εἶναι they have reason to be most distrustful, Thuc.; δ. ἐστιν ἀπολωλέναι dignus est qui pereat, Dem.:—we should say δίκαιόν ἐστι, which also occurs.

1 di^kai os_h_on

2 di^kai os_on

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: