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δίκη n1

I.custom, usage, αὕτη δίκη ἐστὶ βροτῶν this is the custom of mortals, Od.; γὰρ δίκη ἐστι γερόντων id=Od.:—acc. δίκην as adv., after the manner of, c. gen., δίκην ὕδατος Aesch., Plat.
II.right as dependent on custom, law, right, Hom., etc.
2.δίκη ἐστι, like δίκαιόν ἐστι, Aesch.: —δίκῃ duly, rightly, Il., Trag.; κατὰ δίκην Hdt.; μετὰ δίκης Plat.; πρὸς δίκης Soph.
III.a judgment, δίκην εἰπεῖν to give judgment, Il.: pl. righteous judgments, Hom.
IV.after Hom., a lawsuit, properly, a private suit or action, opp. to γραφή (a public suit or indictment), Plat., etc.
2.the trial of the case, πρὸ δίκης Thuc.
3.the penalty awarded by the judge, δίκην τίνειν, ἐκτίνειν Hdt., Soph.; δίκην or δίκας διδόναι to make amends, suffer punishment, Lat. poenas dare, Hdt., attic; δίκας δοῦναι, also, to submit to trial, Thuc.: —δίκας λαμβάνειν is sometimes = δ. διδόναι, Lat. dare poenas, Hdt., Dem.; but also like Lat. sumere poenas, to inflict punishment, take vengeance, λαβεῖν δίκην παρά τινος id=Dem.:—also, δίκας or δίκην ὑπέχειν to stand trial, Hdt., Soph.; δίκην παρέχειν Eur.: —δίκην ὀφλεῖν ὑπό τινος to incur penalty, Plat.; δίκην φεύγειν to be the defendant in the trial (opp. to διώκειν to prosecute), Dem.: —δίκας αἰτέειν to demand satisfaction, τινός for a thing, Hdt.; δίκην τίσασθαι, v. τίνω II: —δίκας διδόναι καὶ λαμβάνειν παρ᾽ ἀλλήλων to have their causes tried, of subject-states whose causes were tried in the courts of the ruling state, id=Hdt.

1 di^k h_hs fem

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