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ἔσχατος 1 prob. from ἐκ, ἐξ, as if ἔξατος,

I.of Space, as always in Hom. the furthest, uttermost, extreme, id=Hom., Hdt., attic; ἔσχατοι ἄλλων, of the Thracians who were the last in the Trojan lines, Il.; ἔσχατοι ἀνδρῶν, of the Aethiopians, Od.: ἔσχατα, τά, extremities, ἐσχ. γαίης Hes.; τὰ ἔσχ. τοῦ στρατοπέδου Thuc.
II.the furthest in each direction.
2.the uppermost, Soph.
3.lowest, deepest, Lat. imus, ἀΐδας Theocr.
4.innermost, Lat. intimus, Soph.
5.the last, hindmost, id=Soph.
III.of Degree, the uttermost, utmost, last, worst, πόνος, κίνδυνος Plat.:—as Subst., τὸ ἔσχατον, τὰ ἔσχατα, the utmost, Hdt.; of suffering, pain, etc., id=Hdt., attic; ἐπ᾽ ἔσχατα βαίνεις Soph.; ἔσχατ᾽ ἐσχάτων κακά worst of possible evils, id=Soph.; so in Sup., τὰ πάντων ἐσχατώτατα the extremest of all, Xen.
IV.of Time, last, ἐς τὸ ἔσχ. to the end, Hdt., Thuc.; ἐσχάτας ὑπὲρ ῥίζας over the last scion of the race, Soph.: —neut. ἔσχατον as adv., for the last time, id=Soph.
V.adv. -τως, to the uttermost, exceedingly, Xen.:—so, ἐς τὸ ἔσχ. Hdt., Xen.

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