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Perseus.into, to c. acc.
PREP. WITH ACC. ONLY. Radical sense, into, and then to:
I.OF PLACE, the commonest usage, εἰς ἅλα into or to the sea, Hom., etc.:—properly opposed to ἐκ, ἐς σφυρὸν ἐκ πτέρνης from head to foot, Il.; εἰς ἔτος ἐξ ἔτεος from year to year, Theocr.:—then, with all Verbs implying motion or direction, ἰδεῖν εἰς οὐρανόν Il.; εἰς ὦπα ἰδέσθαι to look in the face, id=Il.:—in Hom. and Hdt. also c. acc. pers., where the attic use ὡς, πρός, παρά.
2.with Verbs which express rest in a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied, ἐς μέγαρον κατέθηκε, i. e. he brought it into the house, and put it there, Od.; παρεῖναι ἐς τόπον to go to a place and be there, Hdt.
3.with Verbs of saying or speaking, λόγους ποιεῖσθαι εἰς τὸ πλῆθος to come before the people and speak, id=Hdt., etc.
4.elliptical usage εἰς Ἀΐδαο, attic εἰς Ἅιδου [δόμους], ἐς Ἀθηναίης [ἱερόν] to the temple of Athena, etc.; as in Lat. ad Apollinis, ad Castoris (sc. aedem); so with appellatives, ἀνδρὸς ἐς ἀφνειοῦ to a rich man's, Il.
II.OF TIME, denote a certain point or limit of time, to, up to, until, ἐς ἠῶ (attic εἰς τὴν ἕω) Od.; ἐς ἠέλιον καταδύντα till sun-set, id=Od.; ἐς ἐμέ up to my time, Hdt.:—so with Advs., εἰς ὅτε (cf. ἔς τε) against the time when, Od.; so, εἰς πότε; until when? how long? Soph.; ἐς until, Hdt. determine a period, εἰς ἐνιαυτόν for a year, i. e. a whole year, Hom.; ἐς θέρος ἐς ὀπώρην for the summer, Od.; εἰς ἑσπέραν ἥκειν to come at even, Ar.; εἰς τρίτην ἡμέραν or εἰς τρίτην alone, on the third day, in three days, Plat.; ἐς τέλος at last, Hdt.; οὐκ ἐς ἀναβολάς with no delay, id=Hdt.;—so with Advs., ἐς αὔριον Il.; ἐς αὖθις or ἐσαῦθις Thuc.; εἰς ἔπειτα Soph., etc.; cf. εἰσάπαξ, εἰσότε. express MEASURE OR LIMIT, ἐς δίσκουρα λέλειπτε was left behind as far as a quoit's throw, Il.; ἐς δραχμὴν διέδωκε paid them as much as a drachma, Thuc.
2.with Numerals, ναῦς ἐς τὰς τετρακοσίους to the number of 400, id=Thuc.; εἰς ἕνα, εἰς δύο, one, two deep, etc., Xen. express RELATION, to or towards, ἁμαρτάνειν εἴς τινα Aesch.; ἔχθρα ἔς τινα Hdt.
V.of an END, ἔρχεσθαι, τελευτᾶν ἐς . . , to end in . . , Hdt., etc.; καταξαίνειν ἐς φοινικίδα to cut into red rags, Ar.:—also, of a Purpose, εἰς ἀγαθόν for good, for his good, Il.; εἰς κάλλος ζῆν to live for show, Xen.

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