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φάρμακον 1

I.a drug, medicine, Hom., etc.: the φάρμακα applied outwardly were χριστά, ἔγχριστα, ἐπίχριστα (ointments), and παστά, ἐπίπαστα, καταπλαστά (plasters), Theocr., Ar.; those taken inwardly βρώσιμα, and πότιμα, ποτά, πιστά, Aesch., Eur., etc.:—c. gen., φ. νόσου a medicine for it, remedy against it, Aesch.; φ. κεφαλῆς for a head-ache, Plat. bad sense, an enchanted potion, philtre, so a charm, spell, enchantment, Od., Theocr.:—also a drug, poison, Soph., Eur.
II.a remedy, cure, Hes.; φ. πραΰ, of a bridle, Pind.; c. gen. a remedy against, βλάβης Aesch.; πόνων, λύπης Eur.
2.c. gen., also, a means of producing, σωτηρίας id=Eur.; σοφίας Plat.
III.a dye, paint, colour, Hdt., etc.

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