from Root ἘΝΕΚ or ἘΝΕΓΚ come ἤνεγκον and ἤνεικα
from Root ΟΙ comes οἴσω
in pl. always
Radic. sense, to bear
, Lat. fero
A.to bear or carry a load, Hom., attic; of a woman with child, Aesch., Soph.
III.to bear, endure, suffer
, etc.; of wine, τὰ τρία φέρων bearing
three parts of water, instead of ἴσον ἴσωι
:—often with Advs., βαρέως, δεινῶς, χαλεπῶς φέρειν τι
, like Lat. aegre, graviter ferre, to bear
ill or amiss, opp. to κούφως, ῥαιδίως φέρειν
, Lat. leviter ferre, to bear
, attic:—such phrases are constructed mostly c. acc. rei; sometimes, c. dat. only, βαρέως φέρειν τοῖς παροῦσι Xen.
IV.to bring, fetch, Hom., attic:—Mid. to bring with one, or for one's own use, Od., etc.
2.to bring, offer, present
, δῶρα id=Od.
; χάριν τινὶ φ. to grant
any one a favour, do him a kindness, Hom.
3.to bring, produce, work, cause
; φ. κακόν, πῆμα, ἄλγεα to work
one woe, id=Hom.
:— to produce, bring forward, cite
one word, to tell, announce
, etc.:—so in Mid., λόγους φ. Eur.
; but also, ἔπος φέρεσθαι to have
word brought one, receive
, φόρον φέρειν to pay
as tax or tribute, Thuc.
; μισθὸν φ. Xen.
(but also to receive
):—of property, to bring in, yield
as rent, Isae.
V.to bear, bring forth, produce, of the earth or of trees, Od., Hdt., etc.:—absol. to bear, bear fruit, be fruitful, Hdt.
VI.to carry off or away, Il.: of stormy winds, Od.; of a river, Hdt.:—Mid. to carry off with one, Od., Xen., etc.
3.to carry off, gain, win, achieve
, etc.; μισθὸν φέρειν
(v. supr. IV. 5):—so in Mid. to win for oneself
, attic:—metaph., τὰ πρῶτα, τὰ δεύτερα φέρεσθαι to win and hold
the first, the second rank, Hdt.
or πλεῖον φέρεσθαι to gain
the advantage over any one, τινος id=Hdt.
, etc.;—the Mid. being used of that which one gets for one's own use
, esp. to take home
absol., of roads, to lead to
a place, ἡ ὁδὸς φέρει εἰς . .
, like Lat. via fert
or ducit ad . .
of a tract of country, to stretch, extend to
, like Lat. vergere
or spectare ad . .
, φέρειν ἐπί
or ἐς θάλασσαν Hdt.
b.to aim at a thing, hint
or point at, refer to it
or πρός τι Hdt.
; so, τοῦ δήμου φέρει γνώμη, ὡς . .
, the people's opinion inclines
to this, that . . , Hdt.
; τῶν ἡ γνώμη ἔφερε συμβάλλειν
their opinion inclined to
giving battle, id=Hdt.
B.Pass. is used in most of the above senses, esp.,
I.to be borne along
by waves or winds, to be swept away
; ἧκε φέρεσθαι
he sent him flying
; ἧκα πόδας καὶ χεῖρε φέρεσθαι
I let go
my hands and feet, let them swing free
[in the leap], Od.