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φθονέω 1 φθόνος

I.to bear ill-will or malice, bear a grudge, be envious or jealous, Il., Xen., etc.:—c. dat. pers., πτωχὸς πτωχῷ φθονέει Hes.; φθ. τινὶ εὖ πρήσσοντι to envy him for his good fortune, Hdt.; also c. dat. rei, to feel envy at a thing, Isocr.; ἐπί τινι Xen.:—c. dat. pers. et gen. rei, οὔ τοι ἡμιόνων φθονέω I bear thee no grudge for the mules, Od.; μή μοι φθονήσῃς τοῦ μαθήματος Plat.:—c. gen. rei only, to be grudging of a thing, ἀλλοτρίων φθονέειν Od.
II.to refuse to do a thing from envy or ill-will, to grudge doing, c. inf., id=Od., Eur., etc.; μὴ φθονήσῃς do not refuse, Lat. ne graveris, μὴ φθ. διδάξαι Plat.:—also c. acc. et inf., ἐφθόνησαν [οἱ θεοὶ] ἕνα ἄνδρα βασιλεῦσαι Hdt.;—also c. dat. et inf., τῇ δ᾽ οὐκ ἂν φθονέοιμι ἅψασθαι; Od.
III.Pass. to be envied or begrudged, Lat. invideor, Hdt., Eur., etc.

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