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A.trans., in pres., fut., and aor1 act., to bring forth, produce, put forth leaves, etc., Hom., etc.; so, τρίχας ἔφυσεν made the hair grow, Od.: of a country, φύειν καρπόν τε καὶ ἄνδρας Hdt.
2.of men, to beget, engender, generate, Lat. procreare, Eur., etc.;— φύσας the begetter, father (opp. to φύς, the son, v. infr. B. I. 2), Soph.; and of both parents, οἱ φύσαντες Eur.: metaph., ἥδ᾽ ἡμέρα φύσει σε will bring to light thy birth, Soph.; χρόνος φύει ἄδηλα id=Soph.
3.of persons in regard to themselves, φ. πώγωνα to grow or get a beard, Hdt.; φ. πτερά Ar.: hence the joke in φύειν φράτερας, v. φράτηρ.
4.metaph., φρένας φύειν to get understanding, Soph.; δόξαν φύειν to form a high opinion of oneself, Hdt.
II.absol. to put forth shoots, ἀνδρῶν γενεὴ μὲν φύει δ᾽ ἀπολήγει one generation is putting forth scions, the other is ceasing to do so, Il.; δρύες φύοντι Theocr.
B.Pass., with the intr. tenses of Act., viz. aor2, perf. and plup., to grow, wax, spring up, arise, Od.; φύεται αὐτόματα ῥόδα Hdt.; so, τοῦ κέρα ἐκ κεφαλῆς ἑκκαιδεκάδωρα πεφύκει from his head grew horns sixteen palms long, Il., Plat.; τῶν φύντων αἴτιος the cause of the things produced, Dem.
2.of men, to be begotten or born, most often in aor2 and perf., λωφήσων οὐ πέφυκέ πω he that shall abate it is not yet born, Aesch.; μὴ φῦναι νικᾶι not to have been born were best, Soph.:—c. gen., φῦναι or πεφυκέναι τινός to be born or descended from any one, Aesch., etc.; ἀπό τινος Soph., etc.
II.the perf. and sometimes the aor2 take a pres. sense, to be so and so by nature, πέφυκε κακός, σοφός Trag., etc.; so, οἱ καλῶς πεφυκότες Soph.:—then, simply, to be so and so, ἔφυς μητὴρ θεῶν Aesch.; ἁπλοῦς μῦθος τῆς ἀληθείας ἔφυ Eur.
2.c. inf. to be by nature disposed to do so and so, ἔφυν πράσσειν Soph.; φύσει μὴ πεφυκότα τοιαῦτα φωνεῖν not formed by nature so to speak, id=Soph.; πεφύκασι ἁμαρτάνειν Thuc.
3.with Preps., φῦναι ἐπὶ δακρύοις to be by nature prone to tears, Eur.; πεφυκὼς πρὸς ἀρετήν Xen.
4.c. dat. to fall to one by nature, be one's natural lot, πᾶσι θνατοῖς ἔφυ μόρος Soph., etc.
5.impers., c. inf., it is natural to do, Arist.:—absol., ὡς πέφυκε as is natural, Xen.

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