γιγνώσκω is redupl. from root ΓΝΩ, cf. γνῶναι, γνωτός, etc.: so Lat. gnosco.
I.to learn to know, to perceive, mark, learn
, and in past tenses, to know
, c. acc., Hom.
, etc.:—also to discern, distinguish
, ὡς εὖ γιγνώσκηις ἠμὲν θεὸν ἠδὲ καὶ ἄνδρα
that thou mayst discern
between gods and men, Il.
: c. gen., γνώτην ἀλλήλων were aware of
each other, Od.
; γνῶ χωομένοιο was aware of
his being angry, Il.
:—c. part., ἔγνων μιν οἰωνὸν ἐόντα perceived
that he was a bird of omen, Od.
; ἔγνων ἡττημένος I felt that I was
:—but c. inf., ἵνα γνῶι τρέφειν that he may learn how to
II.to observe, to form a judgment on
a matter, to judge
so and so, Hdt.
, attic: in dialogue, ἔγνων I understand
:—Pass. to be pronounced
, of a sentence or judgment, Thuc.
, etc.:— also, to judge, determine, decree that
. . , c. acc. et inf., Hdt.