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ἵππος 1

I.a horse, mare, Lat. equus, equa, Hom., etc.:—the pl. ἵπποι in Hom. are the chariot-horses, Il.:—hence ἵπποι is used for the chariot itself, καθ᾽ ἵππων ἅλλεσθαι, ἐξ ἵππων βῆσαι, ἵππων ἐπεβήσετο id=Il.:—the art of riding, though known to Hom., was an uncommon practice, cf. κέλης, κελητίζω, Collective Noun, ἵππος, , horse, cavalry, Lat. equitatus, Hdt., attic; always in sg., as ἵππος χιλίη a thousand horse, Hdt.
III. ἵππος ποτάμιος the hippopotamus, id=Hdt. Compos., it expressed anything large or coarse, as in our horsechestnut, horselaugh, v. ἱππόκρημνος, etc.

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