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Conjunction, used in two principal senses, either copulative, to join words and sentences, and, Lat. et; or making a single word or clause emphatic, also, even, Lat. etiam.
A.copulative, and, merely joining words or sentences, Lat. et, while τε answers to que, Hom., etc.: to combine more closely, τε . . , καὶ . . are used, ἄρκτοι τε καὶ λέοντες both bears and lions, etc.; often to add epithets after πολύς, πολλὰ καὶ ἐσθλά Il.; πολλὰ καὶ μεγάλα Dem., etc.:— θεοὶ καὶ Ζεύς all the gods, and above all Zeus, Aesch.; ἄλλοι τε καί . . , ἄλλως τε καί . . , v. ἄλλος, ἄλλως:—ὀλίγου τινὸς ἄξια καὶ οὐδενός worth little or nothing, Plat. questions, to introduce an objection, καὶ πῶς . . ; but how . . ? nay how can it be? Eur., etc.:—also = καίτοι, and yet, Ar.
III.after words implying sameness or likeness, καί must be rendered by as, like Lat. atque or ac after aeque, perinde, simul, γνώμῃσι ὁμοίῃσι καὶ σύ the same opinion as you, Hdt.; ἴσον or ἴσα καί. . , Soph., etc.: in attic, καί . . , καί . . answer to the Lat. cum, tum, not only, but also, Plat., etc.
B.influencing single words or clauses, also, even, Lat. etiam, ἔπειτά με καὶ λίποι αἰών then let life also forsake me, i. e. life as well as all other goods, Il.; καὶ αὐτοί they also, they likewise, Xen.; εἴπερ τις καὶ ἄλλος Plat., etc.

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