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κακός 1

bad, Lat. malus:
I.of persons,
1.opp. to καλός, mean, ugly, Il.
2.opp. to ἀγαθός, ἐσθλός, ill-born, mean, ignoble, Hom., Soph.
3.craven, cowardly, base, Hom., Hdt., attic
4.bad of his kind, i. e. worthless, sorry, poor, κ. ἀλήτης a sorry beggar, Od.; κ. ἰατρός Aesch.; κ. ναύτης Eur.; πάντα κακός bad in all things, Od.; κακὸς γνώμην Soph.;— c. inf., κακὸς μανθάνειν bad at learning, id=Soph. moral sense, bad, evil, wicked, Od., attic
II.of death, disease, etc., bad, evil, baneful, Hom., attic; of omens, bad, unlucky, attic; of words, evil, abusive, Soph.; κ. ποιμήν, i. e. the storm, Aesch.
B.κακόν, and κακά, τά, as Subst. evil, ill, Od., Hdt., etc.; δυοῖν ἀποκρίνας κακοῖν having chosen the least of two evils, Soph.:— κακόν τι ἔρδειν or ῥέζειν τινά to do evil or ill to any one, Il.; κακὸν (or κακὰ) ποιεῖν τινά attic; κακὰ κακῶν τὰ κάκιστα, Soph.
2.kaka/, ta/, also evil words, reproaches, Hdt., Trag.
C.degrees of Comparison:
1.regul. comp. κακώτερος Od., Theocr.; but never in attic:—irreg. κακίων, ον, [ with ι^], Hom., [with ι_], attic
2.Sup. κάκιστος, Hom., etc.:—but χείρων, χείριστος, and ἥσσων, ἥκιστος, are also used as comp. and Sup.
D.adv. κακῶς, Lat. male, ill, Il., etc.:— κακῶς ποιεῖν τινα to treat one ill; κακῶς ποιεῖν τινά τι to do one any evil, attic; κακῶς πράσσειν to fare ill, Aesch.; κακῶς πάσχειν id=Aesch.; κακῶς γίγνεταί τινι Hdt.; κακῶς ἐκπέφευγα, Lat. vix demum effugi, Dem.:—comp. κάκιον, Hdt., attic: Sup. κάκιστα, Ar., etc. Compos., when added to words already signifying something bad, it increases this property, as in κακο-πινής: but added to words signifying something good, it implies too little of this property, as in κακό-δοξος. Once or twice it stands merely as an adj. agreeing with the Subst. with which it is compounded, as Κακοΐλιος for κακὴ Ἴλιος, κακόνυμφος for κακὸς νυμφίος.

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