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καθαίρω καθαρός

I.of the person or thing purified, to make pure or clean, cleanse, clean, purge, καθήραντες χρόα ὕδατι Od.:— to purge, clear a land of monsters and robbers, Soph. religious sense, to cleanse, purify, [δέπας] ἐκάθηρε θεείωι purified it by fumigating with sulphur, Il.; καθ. τινὰ φόνου to purify him from blood, Hdt.; Δῆλον κ. id=Hdt.:—Mid. to purify oneself, get purified, id=Hdt.; οἱ φιλοσοφίαι καθηράμενοι Plat.:—so Pass., κεκαθαρμένος id=Hdt. prune a tree, i. e. clear it of superfluous wood, NTest.
4.metaph., = μαστιγόω, like our vulgar phrase "to rub down, " Theocr.
II.of the thing removed by purification, to purge away, wash off or away, λύματα Il.; ῥύπα Od.; φόνον Aesch.
III.c. dupl. acc., αἷμα κάθηρον Σαρπηδόνα cleanse Sarpedon of blood, wash the blood off him, Il.:—Pass., φόνον καθαρθείς Hdt.

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