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καθαρός 1

1.clear of dirt, clean, spotless, unsoiled, Od., Hdt., Eur.
2.clear, open, free, ἐν καθαρῷ (sc. τόπῳ) in a clear, open space, Il.; ἐν καθαρῷ βῆναι to leave the way clear, Soph.; διὰ καθαροῦ ῥέειν, of a river whose course is clear and open, Hdt.; τὸ ἐμποδὼν ἐγεγόνεε καθαρόν the hindrance was cleared away, id=Hdt.:—c. gen., γλῶσσα καθαρὴ τῶν σημηΐων clear of the marks, id=Hdt. moral sense, clear from shame or pollution, pure, καθαρῷ θανάτῳ Od.: esp. clear of guilt or defilement, clean, pure, Theogn., Aesch.; καθαρὸς χεῖρας Hdt.:—so, of persons purified after pollution, ἱκέτης προσῆλθες κ. Aesch.; of things, βωμοί, θύματα, δόμοι, μέλαθρα id=Aesch., Eur.:—c. gen. clear of or from a charge, κ. ἐγκλημάτων, ἀδικίας, κακῶν, etc., Horace's sceleris purus, Plat., Xen.
4.opp. to θολερός, clear of admixture, clear, pure, of water, Hdt., Eur.; so, κ. φάος, φέγγος Pind.; κ. ἄρτος χρυσός Hdt.; ἀργύριον Theocr.
5.of birth, opp. to ξένος, pure, , genuine, Pind., Eur.; τῶν Ἀθηναίων ὅπερ ἐστράτευε καθαρὸν ἐξῆλθε, i. e. who were citizens of pure blood, Thuc.:— καθαρόν a real, genuine saying, id=Thuc.
6.without blemish, τὸ καθαρὸν τοῦ στρατοῦ the sound portion of the army, Hdt.
7.clear, exact, ἂν καθαραὶ ὦσιν αἱ ψῆφοι if the accounts are clear, exactly balanced, Dem.
II.adv. καθαρῶς, Hes.; καθαρῶς γεγονέναι to be of pure blood, Hdt.
2.with clean hands, honestly, Theogn., Plat.
3.clearly, plainly, λέγειν Ar.; γνῶναι, εἰδέναι id=Ar., Plat.

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