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I.from above, down from above, Hom., etc.:—c. gen., κ. μελαθρόφιν Od.
2.on the top or upper side, above, id=Od.; καθ. ἐπιρρέει floats atop, Il.:— to denote geographical position, Φρυγίη καθύπερθε id=Il.; c. gen., καθύπερθε Χίου above, i. e. north of, Chios, Od.; τὰ κ. the upper country, i. e. further inland, τὰ κ. τῆς λίμνης Hdt.; καθύπερθε γενέσθαι τινός, properly, of a wrestler who falls atop of his opponent; hence, to have the upper hand of, id=Hdt.
II.of Time, before, c. gen., id=Hdt.

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