from Root ΛΑΧ
c.acc. to obtain by lot, by fate, by the will of the gods
; with inf. added, ἔλαχον πολιὴν ἅλα ναιέμεν I had
the sea for my portion
to dwell in, says Poseidon, Il.
; ἔλαχ᾽ ἄναξ δούλην σ᾽ ἔχειν Eur.
:—of the genius presiding over one's life, ἐμὲ μὲν Κὴρ λάχε Il.
; esp. in perf. to be the tutelary deity of
a place, to protect it
, θεοῖσιν, οἳ Περσίδα γῆν λελόγχασι Hdt.
:—absol., πρὸς Θύμβρης ἔλαχον Λύκιοι had their post assigned
near Thymbra, Il.
as attic law-term, λαγχάνειν δίκην to obtain leave to bring on
a suit, Plat.
; and (without δίκην
) λαγχάνειν τινι to bring an action
against one, Oratt.
II.c. gen. partit. to get one's share of, become possessed of, Hom., attic
III.absol. to draw (i. e. obtain) the lot, Od.: cast lots, NTest.
Causal epic redupl. aor. λέλαχον
, to put in possession of
a thing, πυρὸς λελαχεῖν τινα to grant
one the right
of funeral fire, Il.
V.intr. to fall to one's lot or share, Od., Eur.