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λόφος 1

I.properly the back of the neck of draught-cattle, because the yoke rubs it (λέπει); of a horse, the mane, Il.; of a man, the nape of the neck, id=Il.; ὑπὸ ζυγῷ λόφον ἔχειν to have the neck under the yoke, i. e. to obey patiently, Soph.
II.the crest of a hill, a ridge, Od., Hdt., etc.
III.the crest of a helmet, Lat. crista, Hom., etc.
2.the crest on the head of birds, Lat. crista, as of the lark, Simon.; the cock's comb, Ar.
3.of men, the tuft of hair upon the crown, λόφους κείρεσθαι to shave so as to leave tufts, Hdt.

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