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μάστιξ 1 from same Root as ἱμάς, μάσθλης

I.a whip, scourge, Hom., Hdt., etc.; ἵππου μ. a horsewhip, Hdt.; ὑπὸ μαστίγων βαίνειν to advance under the lash, of soldiers flogged on, id=Hdt.; so, τοξεύειν ὑπὸ μ. Xen.
II.metaph. a scourge, plague, Il., Aesch.; διπλῇ μ., τὴν Ἄρης φιλεῖ, i. e. fire and sword, Aesch.; μ. Θεοῦ of sickness, NTest.

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