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νικάω νίκη

I.absol. to conquer, prevail, vanquish, Hom., etc.; νικήσας the conqueror, νικηθείς the conquered, Il.; ἐνίκησα καὶ δεύτερος καὶ τέταρτος ἐγενόμην I won the first prize, Thuc.; νικᾶν ἐπὶ πᾶσι κριταῖς in the opinion of all the judges, Ar.; c. acc. cogn., πάντα ἐνίκα he won all the bouts, Il.; παγκράτιον Thuc.; ν. Ὀλύμπια to be conqueror in the Ol. games, id=Thuc., etc.
2.of opinions, to prevail, carry the day, Hom., etc.; ἐκ τῆς νικώσης [γνώμης] according to the prevailing opinion, vote of the majority, Xen.:—impers., ἐνίκα (sc. γνώμη) it was resolved, Lat. visum est, c. inf., ἐνίκα μὴ ἐκλιπεῖν τὴν πόλιν it was carried not to leave the city, Hdt.; ἐνίκησε λοιμὸν εἰρῆσθαι it was the general opinion that λοιμός was the word, Thuc. law-term, ν. τὴν δίκην to win one's cause, Eur., Ar.
II.c. acc. pers. to conquer, vanquish, Hom., etc.; μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾶι λόγον not to be born is best, Soph.; νίκης νικᾶν τινα to win victory over one, Od.
2.generally of passions, etc., to conquer, to overpower, Il.; βαρεῖαν ἡδονὴν νικᾶτέ με ye force me to grant you pleasure against my will, Soph.; c. inf., μηδ᾽ βία σε νικησάτω μισεῖν let not force prevail on thee to hate, id=Soph.
3.Pass., νικᾶσθαί τινος, like ἡττᾶσθαι, to be inferior to, give way, yield to, id=Soph., Eur.; ἢν τοῦτο νικηθῆις ἐμοῦ Ar.

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