absol. to conquer, prevail, vanquish
, etc.; ὁ νικήσας the conqueror
, ὁ νικηθείς the conquered
; ἐνίκησα καὶ δεύτερος καὶ τέταρτος ἐγενόμην I won the first prize
; νικᾶν ἐπὶ πᾶσι κριταῖς
in the opinion of all the judges, Ar.
; c. acc. cogn., πάντα ἐνίκα he won
all the bouts, Il.
; παγκράτιον Thuc.
; ν. Ὀλύμπια to be conqueror
in the Ol. games, id=Thuc.
of opinions, to prevail, carry the day
, etc.; ἐκ τῆς νικώσης [γνώμης]
according to the prevailing opinion, vote of the majority
(sc. ἡ γνώμη
) it was resolved
, Lat. visum est
, c. inf., ἐνίκα μὴ ἐκλιπεῖν τὴν πόλιν it was carried
not to leave the city, Hdt.
; ἐνίκησε λοιμὸν εἰρῆσθαι it was the general opinion that λοιμός
was the word, Thuc.
as law-term, ν. τὴν δίκην to win
one's cause, Eur.
generally of passions, etc., to conquer, to overpower
; βαρεῖαν ἡδονὴν νικᾶτέ με ye force
me to grant you pleasure against my will, Soph.
; c. inf., μηδ᾽ ἡ βία σε νικησάτω μισεῖν
let not force prevail on
thee to hate, id=Soph.