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οὐ cf. μη

used in direct negation not, Lat. non.
I.adhering to single words so as to form a quasi-compd. with them, οὐ δίδωμι to withhold, οὐκ ἐῶ to refuse, οὐκ ἐθέλω nolo, οὔ φημι nego. negativing the whole sentence, τὴν δ᾽ ἐγὼ οὐ λύσω Il., etc. dependent clauses οὐ is used,
a.with ὅτι or ὡς, after Verbs of saying or knowing, ἔλεξε ὡς Ἕλληνες οὐ μενοῖεν Aesch. Causal sentences, and in Temporal sentences that involve special times, ἄχθεται ὅτι οὐ κάρτα θεραπεύεται Hdt.; οὐκ ἔσθ᾽ ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ Eur. a conditional clause μή is necessary, except,
a.when οὐ is closely attached to the Verb (v. supr. I), εἴ φθονέω τε καὶ οὐκ εἰῶ διαπέρσαι Il.
4.οὐ is used with Inf. in oratio obl., when it represents the Ind. of oratio recta, λέγοντες οὐκ εἶναι αὐτόνομοι Thuc.; οἶμαι οὐκ ὀλίγον ἔργον αὐτὸ εἶναι Plat.
5.οὐ is used with the Participle, when it can be resolved into a finite sentence with οὐ; κατενόησαν οὐ πολλοὺς τοὺς Θηβαίους ὄντας τι οὐ πολλοί εἰσι, Thuc.
6.Adjectives and abstract Substantives with the Article commonly take μή (v. μή B. 6), but οὐ is occasionally used, τῶν γεφυρῶν οὐ διάλυσιν the nondissolution of the bridge, the fact of its not being broken up, Thuc.; so, οὐ περιτείχισις id=Thuc.
C.PLEONASM OF οὐ: after Verbs of denying, doubting, and disputing, followed by ὡς or ὅτι, οὐ is inserted, where in Engl. the negat. is not required, ἀμφισβητεῖ ὡς οὐ δεῖ δίκην διδόναι Plat. Like this is the appearance of οὐ in the second member of a negative comparative sentence, ἥκει Πέρσης οὐδέν τι μᾶλλον ἐπ᾽ ἡμέας οὐ καὶ ἐπ᾽ ὑμέας Hdt. Poetry, if stands before οὐ, the two sounds coalesce into one syllable, as in οὐ, μὴ οὐ.
E.οὐ in connexion with other Particles will be found in alphabetical order, οὐ γάρ, οὐ μή, etc.

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