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I.radical sense, to receive an impression from without, to suffer, as opp. to doing, ἔρξαν τ᾽ ἔπαθόν τε Od.; δρᾶν καὶ πάσχειν, etc.; ὁμοίως π. τινί to be in the same case with . . , Hdt.
II.the sense is often limited by some word expressing good or evil:
1.κακῶς πάσχειν to be ill off, in evil plight, unlucky, Od., etc.; κακῶς π. ὑπό τινος to be ill used, ill treated by . . , Aesch.; often with an adj., κακά, λυγρὰ π. Il., etc.; δεινὰ π. Dem.; also with a Subst., ἄλγεα π. etc., Hom.
2.εὖ πάσχειν to be well off, in good case, lucky, Theogn., etc.; also, to receive benefits, opp. to εὖ δρᾶν, Aesch., etc.; so, ἀγαθὰ π. Hdt., etc.
3.without a limiting word, it always refers to evil, being used for κακῶς or κακὰ π., μάλα πολλ᾽ ἔπαθον Od., etc.; μή τι πάθηις lest thou suffer any ill, Hom.; εἴ τι πάθοιμι or ἤν τι πάθω, a euphemism, if aught were to happen to me, i. e. if I were to die, Hdt., attic
4.τί πάθω; to express the extreme of perplexity, what is to become of me? what can I do? Hom., etc.; τί πάσχεις; what are you about? Ar.
5.the interrog. τί παθών; expresses something amiss, τί παθόντες γαῖαν ἔδυτε; what ailed you that you died? Od. be affected in a certain way, be in a certain state of mind, entertain certain feelings, Thuc., Plat.; ὅπερ ἂν οἱ πολλοὶ πάθοιεν as would be the case with most men, Thuc.; ἵνα μὴ ταὐτὸ πάθητε τῶι ἵππωι that it be not with you as with the horse in the fable, Arist.; ὑϊκὸν πάσχει he is swinishly disposed, Xen.; so of things, πάσχει τοῦτο καὶ κάρδαμα this is just the way with cress, Ar.
IV.τὰ εὖ πεπονθότα benefits received, Aeschin.; cf. δράω.

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