II.the sense is often limited by some word expressing good or evil:
1.κακῶς πάσχειν to be ill off, in evil plight, unlucky
, etc.; κακῶς π. ὑπό τινος to be ill used, ill treated by . .
; often with an adj., κακά, λυγρὰ π. Il.
, etc.; δεινὰ π. Dem.
; also with a Subst., ἄλγεα π.
2.εὖ πάσχειν to be well off, in good case, lucky
, etc.; also, to receive benefits
, opp. to εὖ δρᾶν
, etc.; so, ἀγαθὰ π. Hdt.
without a limiting word, it always refers to evil
, being used for κακῶς
or κακὰ π., μάλα πολλ᾽ ἔπαθον Od.
, etc.; μή τι πάθηις lest thou suffer
any ill, Hom.
; εἴ τι πάθοιμι
or ἤν τι πάθω
, a euphemism, if
aught were to happen
to me, i. e. if I were to die, Hdt.
; to express the extreme of perplexity, what is to become of me
? what can I do? Hom.
, etc.; τί πάσχεις
; what are you about? Ar.
III.to be affected
in a certain way, be in a
certain state of mind, entertain
; ὅπερ ἂν οἱ πολλοὶ πάθοιεν
as would be the case with
most men, Thuc.
; ἵνα μὴ ταὐτὸ πάθητε τῶι ἵππωι that it be
you as with the horse in the fable, Arist.
; ὑϊκὸν πάσχει he is
; so of things, πάσχει τοῦτο καὶ κάρδαμα
this is just the way with