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I.enclit. Particle, adding force to the word to which it is added: when this is a Noun, the part. ὤν or ἐών is added, μινυνθάδιόν περ ἐόντα all shortlived as I am, Il.; ἀγαθός περ ἐών however brave he be, Lat. quamvis fortis, id=Il.; ἀλόχῳ περ ἐούσῃ though she be my wife, id=Il.; the part. ὤν is often omitted, φράδμων περ ἀνήρ however shrewd, id=Il.; κρατερός περ, θεοί περ Hom.; also subjoined to other participles, ἱεμένων περ however eager, Il.; ἀχνύμενός περ grieved though he be, etc.
2.sometimes it simply adds force, ἐλεεινότερός περ more pitiable by far, id=Il.; μίνυνθά περ for a very little, ὀλίγον περ id=Il.:—also to strengthen a negation, οὐδέ περ no, not even, not at all, οὐδ᾽ ὑμῖν ποταμός περ ἐΰρροος ἀρκέσει id=Il. call attention to one or more things of a number, however, at any rate, τιμήν πέρ μοι ὄφελλεν ἐγγυαλίξαι honour however (whatever else) he owed me, id=Il.; τόδε πέρ μοι ἐπικρήηνον ἐέλδωρ this vow at all events, id=Il.
II.added to various Conjunctions and Relative words, with which it may form one word:
1.after hypothetical Conjs., v. εἴπερ.
2.after temporal Conjs., ὅτε περ just when, Il.; ὅταν περ Soph.
3.after Causal Conjs., v. ἐπείπερ, ἐπειδήπερ.
4.after Relatives, v. ὅσπερ, οἷός περ, ὥσπερ.
5.after καί, v. καίπερ.

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