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πειράω πεῖρα

A.Act. to attempt, endeavour, try to do, c. inf., Il., Hdt., etc.
II.c. gen. pers. to make trial of one, Il.: in hostile sense, to make an attempt on, Hom., Hdt.
III.absol. to try one's fortune, try one's skill in thieving, Hhymn.; ναυσὶ π. to make an attempt by sea, Thuc.; cf. πειρατής.
IV.c. acc. pers. to make an attempt on, Ar.
B.Dep. in the same sense, c. inf. to try to do, Il., Hdt.;—also foll. by εἰ, to try whether, Il.; by μή, Od.
II.most commonly, c. gen.,
1.c. gen. pers. to make trial of one, to see whether he is trustworthy, Hom., Hdt.:—also in hostile sense, to make trial of the strength of an enemy, Il.; π. τῆς Πελοποννήσου to make an attempt on it, Hdt.; τοῦ τείχους Thuc.
2.c. gen. rei, to make proof or trial of one's strength, Hom.:— to try one's chance at or in a work or contest, id=Hom.:—also to make proof of a thing, to see what it is good for, τόξου, νευρῆς Od.:— to make proof of, have experience of, make acquaintance with others, Hdt., Thuc.
3.absol. to try one's fortune, try the chances of war, Il.
III.c. dat. modi, to make a trial or attempt with, ἐπειρήσαντο πόδεσσι tried their luck in the foot-race, Od.; σφαίρηι πειρήσαντο id=Od.; also, π. σὺν ἔντεσι, σὺν τεύχεσι πειρηθῆναι Il.
IV.c. acc. rei, ἕκαστα πειρήσαιτο or should examine into each particular, Od.
2.c. acc. pers. to make an attempt on, Pind.

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