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πλήν = πλέον prep. with gen., more than, and so except, save, Od., Hdt.; ὑπεγγύους πλὴν θανάτου liable to any punishment save, short of, death, Hdt.; ἐπιτρέψαι περὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν πλὴν θανάτου save in respect of death, Thuc. adv.:
I.with single words and phrases, when a negat. precedes, οὐκ οἶδα πλὴν ἕν Soph., etc.:—after πᾶς, πάντες, ἕκαστος, and the like, παντὶ δῆλον πλὴν ἐμοί Plat.; πᾶς is sometimes omitted, θνήσκουσι [πάντες] πλὴν εἷς τις Soph.; after ἄλλος, τί ἄλλο πλὴν ψευδῆ what else but lies, id=Soph.; after a comp., like , than, ταῦτ᾽ ἐστὶ κρείσσω, πλὴν ὑπ᾽ Ἀργείοις πεσεῖν Eur.
II.often joined with other Particles:
5.πλὴν ὅσον except or save so far as, id=Hdt.; πλὴν καθόσον εἰ Thuc.: —without a Verb, πάντων ἐρήμους, πλὴν ὅσον τὸ σὸν μέρος save so far as thou art concerned, Soph.

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