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πρᾶγμα 1 πράσσω

I.that which has been done, a deed, act, Lat. facinus, Hdt., attic; τῶν πραγμάτων πλέον more than facts, Eur.; τὸ σὸν τί ἐστι τὸ πρ.; what is your work in life? Plat.; γύναιον πρ. ποιεῖν to do a woman's work, Dem. Lat. res, a thing, matter, affair, Hdt., attic; σφισί τε καὶ Ἀθηναίοις εἶναι οὐδὲν πρ. they had no thing in common, Hdt.
2.anything necessary or expedient, πρῆγμά ἐστι, c. inf., it is necessary, expedient to do, 'tis my duty or business to do, like Lat. opus est, Hdt.
3.a thing of consequence or importance, πρ. ποιεῖσθαί τι id=Hdt.; of a person, ἦν μέγιστον πρ. Δημοκήδης παρὰ βασιλέϊ he was made much of by the king, id=Hdt.; ἄμαχον πρ., of a woman, Xen.; ἀσταθμητότατον πρ. δῆμος Dem.
4.used of a battle, as we say an action, affair, Xen.
5.euphem. for something bad or disgraceful, the thing, the business, Thuc.; Εὐρυβάτου πρᾶγμα, οὐ πόλεως ἔργον his job, Dem. pl., πράγματα,
1.circumstances, affairs, Hdt., attic; τοῖς πράγμασιν τέθνηκα τοῖς δ᾽ ἔργοισι δ᾽ οὔ by circumstances, not by acts, Eur.; ἀπηλλάχθαι πραγμάτων to be quit of the business of life, Plat.; ἀποτυγχάνειν τῶν πρ. to fail in success, Xen.
2.state-affairs, Eur., etc.; τὰ πολιτικὰ πρ. Plat.:—also, τὰ Περσικὰ πρ. the Persian power, Hdt.; ἐν ταῖς ναυσὶ τῶν Ἑλλήνων τὰ πρ. ἐγένετο Thuc.; καταλαμβάνειν τὰ πρ. to seize the government, Lat. rerum potiri, id=Thuc.; ἔχειν, κατέχειν τὰ πρ. id=Thuc.; οἱ ἐν τοῖς πράγμασι, like οἱ ἐν τέλει, those who are in power or office, the ministers, id=Thuc.; οἱ ἐπὶ τοῖς πρ. ὄντες, οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν πρ., Dem.:— νεώτερα πρ. innovations, Lat. res novae, Oratt.'s private affairs or circumstances, Hdt., attic bad sense, troublesome business, trouble, annoyance, Ar.; πράγματα ἔχειν, c. part., to have trouble about a thing, Hdt.; πρ. παρέχειν τινί to cause one trouble, id=Hdt.; c. inf., to cause one the trouble of doing, Plat.

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