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πρόσθεν πρό, πρός

A.prep. with gen.:
I.of Place, before, πρόσθ᾽ ἵππων Il., etc.; πρ. ποδῶν Od.; πρ. πυλάων, πρ. πόλιος before, i. e. outside, Il.;—in attic with Art., ἐν τῷ πρ. τοῦ στρατεύματος in front of . . , Xen.; εἰς τὸ πρ. τῶν ὅπλων καθέζεσθαι id=Xen.
b.with collat. notion of defence, στὰς πρόσθε νεκύων Il.; πρόσθε φίλων τοκέων id=Il.
2.with Verbs of motion, πρ. ἔθεν φεύγοντα id=Il., etc.
3.metaph. before, in preference to, πρ. τιθέναι τί τινος Eur. adv.:
I.of Place, before, in front, πρόσθε λέων ὄπιθεν δὲ δράκων Il.:— οἱ πρ. the frontrank men, opp. to οἱ ὄπισθεν, id=Il.:—attic, πρ. Xen.; τὰ πρ. id=Xen.
2.with Verbs of motion, on, forward, πρ. ἡγεμονεύειν Od.; πάριτε ἐς τὸ πρ. Ar.
II.of Time, before, formerly, erst, Hom., etc.; οἱ πρόσθεν ἄνδρες the men of old, Il.; so, τοῦ πρ. Κάδμου Soph.; πρ. the elder, Eur.; so, οἱ πρ. πόνοι the former, earlier labours, Aesch.; πρ. ἡμέρα Xen.:—also, τὸ πρ., as adv., formerly, Hom.; τὰ πρ., Aesch.
C.foll. by a Relat., πρόσθεν, πρὶν . . , Lat. priusquam, mostly with a negat., Od., Xen.:—also, πρόσθεν . . Soph.; πρόσθεν πρὶν Xen. Lat. potius, πρ. ἀποθανεῖν . . to die sooner than . . , id=Xen.

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