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προίστημι 1 2 3 4

A.Causal in these tenses, as also in pres. and aor1 mid., to set before or in front, προστήσας [σε] Τρωσὶ μάχεσθαι Il. set over others, c. gen., Plat.
II.Mid., mostly in aor1, to put another before oneself, choose as one's leader, Hdt.: c. gen., προΐστασθαι τουτονὶ ἑαυτοῦ to take as one's leader, Plat. put before one, put in front, Hdt., etc.
3.metaph. to put forward as a pretence, use as a screen, τὰ τῶν Ἀμφικτυόνων δόγματα προστήσασθαι Dem.; c. gen. to use one thing as a pretext for another, id=Dem. prefer, value one above another, τινά τινος Plat.
B.Pass., with aor2 act. προὔστην: perf. προέστηκα, ionic 2nd pl. προέστατε, inf. προεστάναι, part. προεστώς: aor1 pass. προεστάθην:—3 to put oneself forward, come forward, Dem.
2.c. acc. to approach, Soph.
3.c. dat. to stand before or face another, id=Soph.
II.c. gen. to be set over, be the chief power, τῆς Ἑλλάδος, τῶν Ἀρκάδων Hdt.:— to be at the head of a party, act as chief or leader, τῶν παράλων, τῶν ἐκ τοῦ πεδίου id=Hdt.; τοῦ δήμου Thuc.: hence absol., οἱ προεστῶτες, ionic -εῶτες, the leading men, chiefs, leaders, Hdt., Thuc., etc. various relations, to govern, direct, manage, οὐκ ὀρθῶς σεωυτοῦ προέστηκας you do not manage yourself well, Hdt.; πρ. τοῦ ἑαυτοῦ βίου Xen. stand before so as to guard him, Hdt.; πρόστητε τύχης be our defence against fortune, Soph.; προστὰς τῆς εἰρήνης the champion of peace, Aeschin.;—also, προὐστήτην φόνου were the authors of death, Soph.:—absol., βέλεα ἀρωγὰ προσταθέντα id=Soph.

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