prob. from πρό
I.a prince, ruler, lord, chief, of Hiero, Pind.; of Zeus, id=Pind., Aesch.
at Athens, a Prytanis
: the πρυτάνεις
were a committee of 50, chosen by lot from each of the 10 φυλαί
, so that each set formed 1/10 part of the βουλή
or Council of 500; out of these 50 πρυτάνεις
one was chosen by lot as chief-president
); he chose 9 πρόεδροι
; and the real business was in the hands of this smaller body, with a secretary (γραμματεύς
) added.—The φυλή
which first entered office every year was determined by lot; and their term of office (πρυτανεία
) was about five weeks. During this time all treaties and public acts ran in their name, in this form: Ἀκαμαντὶς [φυλὴ] ἐπρυτάνευε, Φαίνιππος ἐγραμμάτευε, Νικιάδης ἐπεστάτει
the Tribe Acamantis were the Presidency, Phaenippus the Secretary, Niciades the Chief-president, Thuc.