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πυθμήν 1

I.the hollow bottom or stand of a cup, Lat. fundus, Il., Hes., etc.
2.of the sea, the bottom, depth, Hes., Solon., etc.
3.the bottom or foundation of a thing, in pl., χθόνα ἐκ πυθμένων κραδαίνειν Aesch.; ἐκ π. ἔκλινε κλῇθρα Soph.; δίκας π. the anvil-stand on which is forged the sword of retribution, id=Soph.
II.the bottom, stock, root of a tree, Od., Solon.:—metaph. the stem or stock of a family, Aesch.; σμικροῦ γένοιτ᾽ ἂν σπέρματος π. μέγας, i. e. great things might come from small, id=Aesch.

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