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σῆμα 1

1.a sign, mark, token, Hom., etc.; the star on a horse's forehead, Il.
2.a sign from heaven, an omen, portent, Hom., etc.
3.generally, a sign to do or begin something, Od.; a watchword, Eur.; a battle-sign, signal, id=Eur.
4.the sign by which a grave is known, a mound, cairn, barrow, Lat. tumulus, Hom., etc.:—generally, a grave, tomb, Hdt., attic
5.a token by which any one's identity was certified: the σήματα λυγρά of Bellerophon were pictorial, not written, tokens (v. γράφω init.), Il.:— the mark on the lot of Ajax, id=Il.: the device or bearing on a shield, Aesch.; the seal impressed on a letter, Soph.
6.a constellation, Il., Eur.

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