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σοφιστής 1 σοφίζομαι

I.a master of one's craft or art, an adept, of a diviner, Hdt.; of poets, Pind.; of the Creator, Plat.; metaph., ς. πημάτων an adept in misery, Eur. φρόνιμος, one who is clever in matters of life, a wise man, in which sense the seven Sages are called σοφισταί, Hdt.; of Prometheus, Aesch. Athens, a Sophist, i. e. a professor of grammar, rhetoric, politics, mathematics, such as Prodicus, Gorgias, Protagoras, Thuc., Plat., etc. At first the Sophists were held in honour; but from their loose principles they fell into ill repute, and the word came to mean,
2.a sophist (in bad sense), a quibbler, cheat, Ar., Dem., etc.

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