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σῶμα 1 deriv. uncertain

I.the body of a man: in Hom. always the dead body, corpse, carcase, whereas the living body is δέμας.
2.the living body, Hes., Hdt., attic; τὸ ς. σώζειν or -εσθαι to save one's life, Dem., Thuc.; ἔχειν τὸ ς. κακῶς, ὡς βέλτιστα, to be in a bad, a good state of body, Xen.
3.body, as opp. to the soul (ψυχή), Plat., etc.; τὰ τοῦ ς. ἔργα bodily labours, Xen.; τὰ εἰς τὸ ς. τιμήματα bodily punishments, Aeschin.
II.periphr., ἀνθρώπου σῶμα ἄνθρωπος, Hdt.; esp. in Trag., σῶμα θηρός θήρ, Soph., etc.:—often of slaves, ς. αἰχμάλωτα Dem., etc
III.generally, a body, i. e. any material substance, Plat., etc.
IV.the whole body or mass of a thing, ὑπὸ σώματι γῆς Aesch.; τὸ ς. τῆς πίστεως the body of the proof, Arist.

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