previous next

τέμνω Root ΤΕΜ, cf. τέμω cut, hew, Hom., etc.; ὀδόντας οἵους τέμνειν teeth fit for cutting, Xen. cut, wound, maim, Il.; πρὸς δέρην τ. to wound her in the neck, Aesch.
3.of a surgeon, to cut, Il.: absol. to use the knife, as opp. to cautery (κάειν), Aesch., Xen., etc.:—Pass. to be operated upon, Plat. cut up, cut to pieces, Hom., etc.:—to slaughter, sacrifice, Il., Eur.
2.ὅρκια τάμνειν to sacrifice in attestation of an oath, and so to take solemn oaths, Hom.; θάνατόν νύ τοι ὅρκι᾽ ἔταμνον I made a truce which was death to thee, Il.:—Mid., of two parties, ὅρκια τάμνεσθαι Hdt.:—cf. Lat. foedus ferire.
3.φάρμακον τέμνειν to cut or chop up a plant for purposes of medicine or witchcraft, Aesch., etc.; ἄκος τέμνειν to contrive a means or remedy, Eur. divide, of a river, μέσην τ. Λιβύην to cut it in twain, Hdt.; δίχα τ. to cut in two, bisect, Plat. cut asunder, cut off, sever, κεφαλὴν ἀπὸ δειρῆς Il., etc.; with double acc., ἐρινεὸν τάμνε ὄρπηκας cut the branches off the fig-tree, id=Il.; and in Pass., τρίχας ἐτμήθην had them cut off, Eur. part off, mark off, τέμενος Il. cut down, fell trees, id=Il., etc.:—Mid., δοῦρα τάμνεσθαι to fell oneself timber, Od., Hdt.
2.λίθον τ. to hew stone, Plat.: Mid., λίθους τάμνεσθαι to have them wrought or hewn, Hdt. cut down for purposes of destruction, Eur., etc.; τ. τὴν γῆν to ravage the country by felling the trees and cutting the corn, Hdt., Thuc.; with partit. gen., τῆς γῆς τ. to waste part of it, Thuc. cut or hew into shape, δούρατα Od., etc. cut lengthwise, to plough, Solon.
2.τ. ὁδόν to cut or make a road, Thuc.:—Pass., τέτμηνται κέλευθοι Pind.
3.also to make one's way, advance, τ. ὁδόν Eur.; τὴν μεσόγαιαν τ. τῆς ὁδοῦ to take the middle road, strike through the interior, Hdt.; μέσον τέμνειν to hold a middle course, Plat.
4.of ships, to cut through the waves, plough the sea, Od.:—so of birds, to cleave the air, Ar. bring to a decision, Lat. decidere, Pind., Eur.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: