I.an absolute sovereign
, unlimited by law or constitution, Hdt.
, etc.: not applied to old hereditary sovereignties (βασιλεῖαι
) such as those of Hom.
or of Sparta; for the term rather regards the irregular way in which the power was gained
, than the way in which it was exercised
, being applied to the mild Pisistratus, but not to the despotic kings of Persia. However, the word soon came to imply reproach, like our tyrant
in a wider sense, the tyrant's son
, or any member of his family
:—so, ἡ τύραννος
was both the queen
herself or a princess
is prob. from same Root as κύριος, κοίρανος.