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ὕπατος 1 for ὑπέρτατος Lat. summus for supremus, the highest, uppermost, of Zeus, ὕπατος κρειόντων, θεῶν ὕπ., Hom.; οἱ ὕπατοι the gods above, Lat. superi, opp. to οἱ χθόνιοι, Lat. inferi, Aesch.; ὕπατός τις some god above, id=Aesch.
2.simply of Place, ἐν πυρῇ ὑπάτῃ on the very top of the funeral pile, Il.
3.of Time, last, Lat. supremus, Soph., Anth.
4.of Quality, highest, best, Pind.
II.c. gen., like the prep. ὑπό, ὕπατος χώρας supreme over the land, Aesch.; ὕπατοι λεχέων high above the nest, id=Aesch. Subst., ὕπατος, the Roman consul, Polyb., etc.

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