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ὑπερβάλλω 1 2 3 throw over or beyond a mark, to overshoot, c. acc., Il.
2.ὅτε μέλλοι ἄκρον [λόφον] ὑπερβαλέειν when he was just about to force the stone over the top, Od.
3.intr. to run beyond, overrun the scent, of hounds, Xen. outstrip or pass, τινάς Soph.
II.metaph.: overshoot, outdo, surpass, prevail over, c. gen., βροντῆς ὑπερβάλλοντα κτύπον Aesch.; also c. acc., ὑπ. τινά τινι to outdo one in a thing, Eur. go beyond, exceed, c. acc., Hes., etc.; ὑπ. ἑκατὸν ἔτεα to exceed 100 years, in age, Hdt.; ὑπ. τὸν χρόνον, i. e. be too late, Xen.:—also c. gen., Plat.
3.absol. to exceed all bounds, Aesch., Eur., etc.; οὐχ ὑπερβαλών keeping within bounds, Pind.: to be in excess, Arist.:—often in part., ὑπερβάλλων, ουσα, ον, exceeding, excessive, Aesch., Plat.; τὰ ὑπερβάλλοντα an over-high estate, Eur.; τὸ ὑπ. αὐτῶν such part of them as is extraordinary, Thuc. go on further and further, προέβαινε ὑπερβάλλων he went on bidding more and more, Hdt.; ᾔτει τοσαῦτα ὑπερβάλλων Thuc. pass over, cross mountains, rivers, etc., c. acc., Aesch., Eur.; also c. gen., Eur.:—of ships, to double a headland, c. acc., Hdt., Thuc.:—absol. to cross over, Hdt., Xen.
2.of water, to run over, overflow, c. acc., Hdt.
3.of the Sun, to be at its height or its utmost heat, id=Hdt.
B.Mid., with perf. pass., = A. II, to outdo, overcome, conquer, τινα Hdt., Soph., etc.:—absol. to be conqueror, to conquer, Hdt. exceed, surpass, τινα id=Hdt., Ar., etc.:—absol. to exceed, Hdt.:—perf. pass. part., ὑπερβεβλημένη γυνή an excellent, surpassing woman, Eur. overbid, outbid, τινα Xen. put off, postpone, Hdt.;—but, ἢν ὑπερβάλωνται κείνην τὴν ἡμέραν συμβολὴν μὴ ποιεύμενοι if they let that day pass without fighting, id=Hdt.:— absol. to delay, linger, id=Hdt., Plat.

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