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χαλεπός 1

I.Lat. difficilis:
1.hard to bear, painful, sore, grievous, Hom., Hdt., attic; [θώρακες] δύσφοροι καὶ χ., of ill-fitting cuirasses, Xen.: τὸ χαλεπὸν τοῦ πνεύματος the severity of the wind, id=Xen.; τὰ χαλεπά hardships, sufferings, id=Xen.
2.hard to do or deal with, difficult, Ar., Thuc., etc.; χαλεπὸν βίος life is a hard thing, Xen.:—c. inf., χαλεπή τοι ἐγὼ ἀντιφέρεσθαι χαλεπόν ἐστί μοι ἀντιφέρεσθαί σοι, Il.; so, χαλεπὸν δέ τ᾽ ὀρύσσειν [τὸ μῶλυ] Od.; χ. προσπολεμεῖν βασιλεύς Isocr.:— χαλεπόν [ἐστι], c. inf., 'tis hard, difficult to do, Hom.
3.dangerous, Od., Thuc.
4.of ground, difficult, rugged, Thuc., Xen.; χ. χωρίον a place difficult to take, Xen.
II.of persons, hard to deal with, harsh, severe, stern, strict, Od.; χαλεπώτερος a more bitter enemy, Thuc.; χαλεπώτατοι most difficult to deal with, most dangerous or troublesome, id=Thuc.:—of judges, severe, Hdt., Dem.
2.of savage animals, Xen.
3.ill-tempered, angry, testy, Ar.; ὀργὴν χαλεπός Hdt.
B.adv. χαλεπῶς, hardly, with difficulty, Lat. aegre, διαγνῶναι χ. ἦν ἄνδρα ἕκαστον 'twas difficult to distinguish, Il.; χ. εὑρίσκειν, opp. to ῥᾳδίως μανθάνειν, Isocr.; οὐ or μὴ χαλ. without much ado, Thuc.
4.painfully, miserably, χαλεπώτερον, -ώτατα ζῆν Plat.; ἐν τοῖς χαλεπώτατα διάγειν to live in the utmost misery, Thuc.
II.of persons, harshly, severely, Eur., Thuc., etc.:— χ. φέρειν τι, like Lat. aegre ferre, Thuc.: often in the phrase χ. ἔχειν, to be angry, Xen.; χ. ἔχειν τινὶ ἐπί τινι to be angry with a person for a thing, Dem.; χ. διακεῖσθαι πρός τινα Plat.
2.χ. ἔχειν, also, = Lat. male se habere, id=Plat.

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