, Lat. aes
, etc.; called in reference to its colour, ἐρυθρός
:—copper was the first metal wrought for use, τοῖς δ᾽ ἦν χάλκεα μὲν τεύχη χάλκεοι δέ τε οἶκοι, χαλκῷ δ᾽ ἐργάζοντο, μέλας δ᾽ οὐκ ἔσκε σίδηρος Hes.
came to be used for metal
in general; and, when men learnt to work iron, χαλκός
was used for σίδηρος
, and χαλκεύς
came to mean a blacksmith. χαλκός
also meant bronze
(i. e. copper alloyed with tin)
, not brass
(i. e. copper alloyed with zinc
, which was a later invention), and this was its sense when applied to arms.
II.anything made of brass
, as a spear, sword, knife, etc., Il.
; χαλκὸν ζώννυσθαι
of a warrior girding on his armour, id=Il.
2.of vessels, a copper, caldron, urn, Hom., etc.
3.of a brasen mirror, Anth.
4.a copper coin
, like χαλκοῦς