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ăd-hĭbĕo , ŭi, ĭtum, 2, v. a. habeo,
I.to hold toward or to, to turn, bring, add to; with ad, in, dat. or absol.
I. In gen.
II. Esp.
A. Of persons, to bring one to a place, to summon, to employ (cf. the Engl. to have one up): “hoc temere numquam amittam ego a me, quin mihi testes adhibeam,Ter. Ph. 4, 5, 2; so Cic. Fin. 2, 21; Tac. A. 15, 14: “medicum,Cic. Fat. 12: “leges, ad quas (sc. defendendas) adhibemur,we are summoned, id. Clu. 52: “nec, quoniam apud Graecos judices res agetur, poteris adhibere Demosthenem,id. Tusc. 1, 5, 10: “adhibebitur heros,shall be brought upon the stage, Hor. A. P. 227: “castris adhibere socios et foedera jungere,Verg. A. 8, 56: “aliquem in partem periculi,Ov. M. 11, 447: “in auxilium,Just. 3, 6.—
B. Adhibere ad or in consilium, to send for one in order to receive counsel from him, to consult one: “neque hos ad concilium adhibendos censeo,Caes. B. G. 7, 77, 3: “in consilium,Plin. Ep. 6, 11, 1; so also absol.: “a tuis reliquis non adhibemur,we are not consulted, Cic. Fam. 4, 7; so ib. 10, 25; 11, 7; id. Off. 3, 20; id. Phil. 5, 9; Caes. B. G. 1, 20; Suet. Claud. 35; cf. Cortius ad Sall. J. 113, and ad Cic. Fam. 4, 7, 15.—But sometimes adhibere in consilium = admittere in cons., to admit to a consultation. —So trop.: “est tuum, sic agitare animo, ut non adhibeas in consilium cogitationum tuarum desperationem aut timorem,Cic. Fam. 6, 1.—
C. Adhibere aliquem cenae, epulis, etc., to invite to a dinner, to a banquet, etc., to entertain: “adhibete Penatīs et patrios epulis, etc.,Verg. A. 5, 62; so Hor. C. 4, 5, 32; Suet. Caes. 73; Aug. 74: in convivium, Nep. praef. 7.—And absol., to receive, to treat: “quos ego universos adhiberi liberaliter dico oportere,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 5: “Quintum filium severius adhibebo,id. Att. 10, 12.—
D. Adhibere se ad aliquid, to betake or apply one's self to a thing, i. e. to devote attention to it: “adhibere se remotum a curis veram ad rationem,Lucr. 1, 44 (cf. above I. A.); and absol.: adhibere se, to appear or to behave one's self in any manner: “permagni est hominis, sic se adhibere in tanta potestate, ut nulla alia potestas ab iis, quibus ipse praeest, desideretur,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 7.—
E. Adhibere aliquid ad aliquid, alicui rei, or with in and abl., to put a thing to a determinate use, to apply, to use or employ for or in any thing definite (therefore, with intention and deliberation; on the contr., usurpare denotes merely momentary use; cf. Cic. Lael. 2, 8; and uti, use that arises from some necessity, Herz. ad Caes. B. G. 1, 20): “adhibere omnem diligentiam ad convalescendum,Cic. Fam. 16, 9; cf. ib. 6; Nep. Att. 21: “cautionem privatis rebus suis,Cic. Att. 1, 19: “medicinam aegroto,id. ib. 16, 15: “humatis titulum, i. e. inscriptionem addere,Liv. 26, 25: “belli necessitatibus patientiam,id. 5, 6: “fraudem testamento,Suet. Dom. 2: “curam viis,id. Vesp. 5: “fidem et diligentiam in amicorum periculis,Cic. Clu. 42, 118: “misericordiam in fortunis alicujus et sapientiam in salute reip.,id. Rab. Perd. 2: “flores in causis,id. Or. 19: “curam in valetudine tuenda,Cels. 3, 18; and with de: “curam de aliqua re,Cic. Fam. 2, 7, 3: modum, to set a limit to, to set bounds to: “vitio,Cic. Tusc. 4, 17: “sumptibus,Suet. Ner. 16: cf. id. Aug. 100; id. Tib. 34: “voluptati,Quint. 9, 3, 74: “memoriam contumeliae,to retain it in memory, Nep. Epam. 7.—
F. Adhibere aliquid, in gen., to use, employ, exercise: “neque quisquam parsimoniam adhibet,Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 79: “fidem,id. Rud. 4, 3, 104: “celeritatem,Cic. Fam. 10, 21, 2: “calumniam, fraudem, dolum, id. Auct. Or. pro Dom. 14, 36: modum quemdam,Cic. Tusc. 4, 17, 38; Suet. Calig. 2: “nulla arte adhibita,Caes. B. C. 3, 26: “sollertiam, Tibull. 3, 4, 75: querelas,Plin. Ep. 1, 12: “adhibere moram = differre,Pompon. Dig. 18, 6, 16.—
G. In later Lat.: alicui aliquem, to bring up, quote one to another as authority for an assertion: “is nos aquam multam ex diluta nive bibentis coërcebat, severiusque increpabat adhibebatque nobis auctoritates nobilium medicorum,Gell. 19, 5, 3.
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